Bad effects of rain and hailstorm in summer on health

  • By Dr. Shalini Kapoor

History reveals how unpredicted weather conditions, such as hailstorms and hurricanes, have destroyed major establishments, and cities in some corners of the earth. These are incidences that cannot be forgotten, and it is very difficult to recover from such drastic conditions. Apart from environmental and materialistic damage, human health too suffers heavily due to such climatic upheavals. The living conditions are disturbed as the water supplies are contaminated, sewage comes out in the open on the streets making a thriving ground for germs and viruses and unavailability of adequate and skilled medical care leads to thousands of deaths and even break out of an epidemic.

Rains and Hailstorms in summer

As the summer approaches, human life starts gearing up for the sunny days, clear skies, and the hot weather conditions. However, in many parts of the world, the summer is broken abruptly, while the torrential rains and hailstorms bring in winter like conditions instantly within 24 hours. The damage to human life, infrastructure, and the crops is unaccountable. What is more disheartening is that such damages are long term, and can become responsible for the onset of serious health consequences in humans.

During summer, the temperature slowly peaks, as the human body grows used to the outside conditions. Apart from the extreme heat waves that are unpredictable, generally humans can resist the usual hot temperature. But, when suddenly the atmosphere turns from hot to cold, it is like pulling your hand from hot furnace, and putting it in ice cold water. This change affects human health and the surrounding living conditions drastically.

The medical assistance is mostly in disarray only when humans need it the most, as the bad weather conditions affect the entire infrastructure.

Rise of Infectious Diseases

Such climatic changes support the growth of infectious diseases, especially those infections that are quite common in the hot and tropical regions and are easily spread across by the vectors. These infections are transmitted through pathogenic fungus, bacterium, or a virus. Since the surrounding conditions are positive for the growth of such infectious organisms, treatments modes have to be quicker, and much stronger. However, bad weather conditions lower down the treatment efficiency, thereby giving more ground for development of such infections.

The only way to control the rise of these diseases is by ensuring improved health care, sanitation procedures and hygiene.

Improper Air Quality

Shift in climatic conditions also affect the quality of air. This can cause respiratory disorders that further grow with the increase in smog, and circulation of polluted particulates in the atmosphere. People who already have respiratory problems such as asthma, or any other chronic lung disease are more susceptible to lung infections during such weather conditions. When higher temperature and lower temperature suddenly merge, the pollutants rise above the ground, and make the quality of air unhealthy for living. This can lead to lung damage, and several respiratory disorders, such as cardiac dysarrhythmias and cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, there is an increase in the allergies and fungal infections.


Hailstorms and rains during the summer affect not only crops, infrastructure, and weather conditions, but also create a panic like situation.