Vaginitis - Prevention and treatment
- By Team TDO
Inflammation of vagina is called as vaginitis.
Types of vaginitis
- Bacterial vaginitis
- Trichomoniasis vaginitis
- Chlamydia vaginitis
- Viral vaginitis
- Non-infectious vaginitis
- Candida or yeast infections
Symptoms of vaginits:
- Yeast infections are the most common cause. A thick, white vaginal discharge with cottage cheese consistency is suggestive of yeast infection. The discharge can be even somewhat watery and odourless. Yeast infections cause itching and redness.
- Bacterial vaginitis presents with usually thin and milky discharge and has a "fishy" odour sometimes. This odour may increase after intercourse.
- Trichomonas, is an organism of the protozoa family. Infection leads to a frothy, greenish-yellow discharge with foul smell, itching and soreness of the vagina and vulva, as well as burning during urination. Symptoms go worse after menses. This kind of vaginitis can be infective and transmitted through sexual intercourse.
- Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause vaginitis. This is mostly asymptomatic. Sometimes there is a vaginal discharge. Often there is slight bleeding post intercourse.
- Viral vaginitis caused by herpes simplex virus can be transmitted by sexual intercourse. Pain along with sores on vulva and vagina is the prime presentation.
- Allergic reaction or irritation from vaginal sprays, douches, or spermicidal products can cause non-infectious vaginitis. This is not infective. It can be caused due to sensitivity of skin around the vagina.
Treatment of vaginitis:
Accurate diagnosis is important. Medications involve antifungal creams and suppositories, antibiotics and other drugs depending on the cause and type of infection. Vaginal creams and applications are usually advised.
Sexual contact should be totally avoided until completely cured.
Tips to prevent vaginitis:
- Keep vagina and the nearby area clean and dry.
- Avoid use of strong soaps and excessive douching.
- Use cotton innerwear. This absorbs moisture and keeps the vagina dry.
- After every bowel movement clean from front to back.
- Avoid keeping diaphragms or tampons in vagina for long periods.
- Do not use deodorized tampons.
- Reduce sweets, bread and alcohol intake.