Sweetness of pregnancy – Not good!

  • By Team TDO

Diabetes occurs when the body is not able to utilize the available sugar in the blood effectively. During pregnancy, the need for insulin increases, especially in the second trimester. If your body is not able to produce the required insulin, the sugars do not get used and remain in the blood. This causes diabetes in pregnancy, medically called as gestational diabetes.

The good news is that gestational diabetes usually resolves after pregnancy. However, the risk of developing diabetes in later life is very high in women who suffered gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes comes with its share of pregnancy related complications. It is very important to take measures to avoid it and if detected, treat it effectively!

Though there is no guarantee that gestational diabetes can be prevented, there are some tips that you may take to prevent it from occurring in further pregnancies and also keep the dreaded type II diabetes at bay.

  1. Eat healthy: Choose fresh foods. Avoid processed and packaged ones. Eat foods high in fiber and low in carbohydrate and fats. Concentrate on whole grain foods, fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables.
  2. Stay Active: Exercising before and during pregnancy helps protect against developing gestational diabetes. A 30-minute moderate workout on most days of the week is a must. If you cannot fit a 30-minute workout at a time, break it up into shorter smaller sessions. You do not necessarily have to go to the gym to sweat it out. A brisk walk, taking the stairs at every opportunity, using the bicycle or walking down to the market instead of the car; all these are small yet powerfully effective way of not allowing diabetes to creep in!
  3. Lose weight: If you are planning a baby, start with losing some weight. The fat around the tummy is what needs to be removed first. Losing unwanted weight before you get pregnant ensures that you have a healthier pregnancy. Long-term benefits of losing weight will keep you motivated.
  4. Keep a check on your weight gain: Pregnancy is the time when the pounds pile on. Though it is said that a 10-12 kg weight gain during pregnancy is normal and expected, too much weight gain can only be a bad influence on your and baby’s health.

How will you know if you are prone to gestational diabetes?
There are some warning signals that may tell you if you will develop gestational diabetes or not:

  1. Your body mass index is 30 or more
  2. You have had gestational diabetes in your previous pregnancy
  3. One of your parent suffers from diabetes

The test for gestational diabetes, the oral glucose tolerance test, is done in 1st trimester and repeated between the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy.

If you have had gestational diabetes in your previous pregnancy, you may or may not get it in the next one. Though it resolves itself, if you have had gestational diabetes, there are high chances of you developing type II diabetes later on in life.