Pregnancy: 8 risks you can avoid

  • By Team TDO

A high-risk pregnancy can be troublesome for you and your child. While there are many factors that you simply cannot have control over, here are eight risks you can avoid.

Increasing age: The best age to get pregnant is 20-25 years, since women are most fertile during this period. Fertility decreases after this age, and the risk of complications like miscarriage increases after the age of 30.

Smoking: Smoking retards the growth of the fetus. Women who smoke during pregnancy give birth to low-weight babies. It also increases chances of miscarriage. So, skip smoking the moment you find out you are pregnant.
Weight of the mother: Women with low weight deliver underweight babies. Obese and overweight women have large babies, which makes labor and delivery difficult. In addition, they are at high risk of developing diabetes and hypertension during pregnancy.

Anaemia: Volume of blood increases during pregnancy. As a result, more hemoglobin is needed by the body. Low levels of hemoglobin leads to anaemia. Morning sickness may add to anaemia, which affects the health of mother as well as the baby. Blood is also lost during delivery. This may lead to dizziness, weakness, and fatigue. Anaemia can lead to low birth weight. It is essential to take food rich in iron and folic acid.

Diseases: Health conditions like hypertension, diabetes, thyroid disorders, hemorrhoids, and depression are all risk factors for pregnancy. These make pregnancy and labor difficult. Hypertension can lead to a condition called preeclampsia which leads to swelling of feet and excessive rise in blood pressure during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids cause blood loss.

Alcohol: If you drink, your baby drinks too. Drinking can cause harmful effect on the growth and nourishment of child. The child may be born with serious medical problems. So, consuming alcohol is another habit you need to quit during pregnancy.

Exposure to drugs: Do not self-medicate during pregnancy. Some medicines have harmful effect on the growth and development of baby. Check with your gynecologist before you take any medication. This will prevent you from harm.
Exposure to radiotherapy or chemicals: Radiotherapy or areas which have chemical pollution should be avoided. Radiation is hazardous to the growing fetus and can lead to congenital anomalies. Be careful of the environment you live in. You also can take steps to protect yourself and your baby from such harmful substances at home.